The History and Attractions of Bristol

January 11, 2012   Filed under Destination

Bristol is seen as the informal capital of the West Country of England and is the 8th largest city in the UK. Its ballpark population is 433,100 (2009) and in the bigger urban area 1,070,000 (2007). It got the Royal Charter in 1155 and county status was granted in 1373. Bristol’s closest cities are historic Gloucester, Bath and Cardiff, with bordering counties of Somerset and Gloucestershire. Following archaeological artefacts from the Paleolithic time, it has been shown that Bristol’s history as a living populace dates back around 60,000 years.

The city of Bristol was built around the short coastline of the River Severn Estuary and the River Avon. This gave rise to a substantial boating and shippinglegacy. The chief industries in the thirteenth century were shipbuilding and manufacturing. Later in the fifteenth century, trading spread to Ireland and Iceland. Then in the sixteen century, trading spread further abroad to Spain and the Americas.

Bristol Cathedral was formerly known as the Abbey of St Augustine and dates back to 1140. Slave trading was abolished in 1807, however, prior to this it was established between the UK and the Americas in the seventeenth century. Isambard Kingdom Brunel and Bristol have firm links because Brunel designed and made the Clifton Suspension Bridge and Bristol Temple Meads Station. In 2002, Brunel was voted one of the most influential men in the History of Britain.

Bristol University was created in 1909. In 1992, the West of England University was developed from Bristol Polytechnic, and is now one of the country’s leading centres for design and media studies.

Heavy bombing was incurred duringiin World War II in the centre of Bristol, by the German Luftwaffe. It was an attempt to lame England’s shipping routes in the country’s south-west. The city of Bristol was rebuilt in the 60s. The rebuilding had road expansion and tower blocks.

Bristol is an great base for exploring the West Country and is a culturally vibrant city, with a wide variety of attractions and events.

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* At-Bristol illustrates the functions of our world. Plus explores is a range of particular exhibitions – from animation to flight, illusions and sport!

* Bristol Zoo Gardens is the fifth oldest zoo outside a municipality and also the 5th oldest in the world.

* Blue Reef Aquarium contains flora and fauna, from seahorses and puffer fish to living corals and tropical sharks.

* Brunel’s SS Great Britain – the world’s original passenger liner to be iron hulled, steam-powered and screw propeller-driven. The ship was constructed by Brunel in 1843 and now preserved in a dry-dock alongside the city’s floating harbour.

* Clifton Suspenson Bridge: possibly Bristol’s most famous landmark, Brunel’s 19th century suspension bridge spans the spectacular Avon Gorge at a height of 75m.

* Cabot Circus provides city centre tourists with over 120 new shops, with 15 key flagship stores.

* Bristol Museum and Art Gallery Bristol’s major museum.

* Ferry Boat Company has options from a circular trip tour; hopping on or off or just getting from A to B and to lots of harbour-side attractions.

* Pirate Walks – one hour walking , which is guided, of Bristol’s historical harbour-side. Tours of Bristol’s 16th, 17th and 18th century Maritime History are available on foot.

* Clifton Downs and Observatory lies in The Downs, a large open spot within Bristol. Its panoramas traverse over the Avon Gorge and the suspension bridge. On top of the Downs is the Observatory, housing a camera obscura and a cave leading down to an observation point within a perpendicualr cliff face.

*Bristol to Bath Railway Cycle Path – runs from Bristol to Bath on a no longer used railway line.

Events:

- Bristol Balloon Festival

* St Pauls Carnival

- Bristol Balloon Fiesta

Bristol Open Doors Day

Venn Festival

Mayfest

- Festival of Ideas

* Bristol Harbour Festival

Soil Association Organic Food Festival

: Bristol International Kite Festival

Things to do in Bristol We want you to get out there and enjoy everything Bristol. This is our online video guide to whats waiting for you…. now do it! What to do in Bristol

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